Walter Gropius 1883–1969

Walter Gropius was a monumental figure in shaping modern architecture, as well as modern arts education. As director of the Bauhaus school from 1919 to 1928, Gropius innovated the approach of integrating crafts training into a traditional arts education, emphasizing the importance of understanding materials, process and working collaboratively. He also believed that architecture should relate to the contemporary world and its immediate needs, rather than rely on historical references or purely aesthetic concerns. Gropius was markedly unpretentious and created bright, open buildings with a keen understanding of how those spaces related to the needs of individuals and communities.

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