The present lot originally furnished the Paris apartment of Mr. and Mrs. William Kugel in the early 1930s. Acquiring works directly from Thonet and DIM, the Kugels decorated their apartment in avant-garde style. During World War II, the Kugels relocated and the contents of the apartment were shipped to Quebec and then finally to Beverly Hills. In Los Angeles, William Kugel continued to patron the artist amassing one of the largest private collections of works by Gertrud and Otto Natzler. Lots 214-220 are from their collection.

Marcel Breuer 1902–1981

Marcel Breuer’s parents encouraged their children to take interest in culture and the arts from an early age, and when the Hungarian born designer turned eighteen he secured a scholarship to the prestigious Fine Arts Academy in Vienna. Uninterested in the lengthy discussions about aesthetic tradition and eager for a more practical education, he took a job in an architectural firm. When a friend told him about a new art school in Weimar Germany called the Bauhaus, Breuer promptly enrolled. Under the guidance of director Walter Gropius, Breuer became one of six apprentices to join the furniture workshop, producing his earliest known design in 1921, the African Chair. Breuer graduated in 1924 and after a brief time in Paris, returned to the school as the head of the of the carpentry worship in 1925. Inspired by his first bicycle, Breuer began working on designs for a chair made of tubular steel. The revolutionary steel club armchair, known as the Wassily, remains one of his most well-known designs to date.

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Auction Results Marcel Breuer