Nakashima and the International Paper Company

In 1980 George Nakashima was commissioned by the International Paper Company, one of the largest paper companies in the world, to design furnishings for their headquarters in New York. Like his groundbreaking interior for the Krosnick family, this public project pushed the limits of Nakashima’s creativity as he was given the opportunity to design on a monumental scale for the company’s expansive offices. The collection was comprised of several impressive and large-scale works, including screens, room dividers, coffee tables and cabinets.

Drawing of the floor plan for the Board Chairman's Dining Room by George Nakashima, 1980

The present lot comes from this important commission. It was included in the Board Chairman’s dining room. Measuring more than twelve feet in length, it is one of the longest cabinets Nakashima ever made. This exceptional work is further distinguished by its Asa-no-ha sliding doors. The intricate pattern, an abstraction of the Asian Palm, was a traditional Japanese decoration often used on Shoji screens in wealthy households. In the late 1960s, Nakashima began incorporating the Asa-no-ha pattern into his furniture and lighting designs. The complex pattern featuring twelve pieces of wood joined by hand was special ordered and made by skilled craftsmen at a workshop in Japan. Very few examples of Nakashima designs feature Asa-no-ha doors. 

Drawing of the cabinet by George Nakashima, 1980

This cabinet featured in Interior Design Magazine, 1981

It requires a genuine fight to produce one well designed object of relatively permanent value.

—George Nakashima

George Nakashima 1905–1990

George Nakashima was born in Spokane, Washington in 1905. He received a Bachelor of Architecture at the University of Washington in 1929 and a Master of Architecture from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1931, as well as the Prix Fontainebleau from L’Ecole Americaine des Beaux Arts in France in 1928. He moved back to Paris briefly in 1934, after which he moved to Tokyo to work for architect Antonin Raymond, where he was exposed to the Japanese folk art tradition. His work for Raymond sent him to Pondicherry, India, where he discovered his second career as a furniture maker. While there, he designed and supervised the construction of Golconde, a dormitory for Sri Aurobindo Ashram.

In 1940, Nakashima returned to the United States to start a family with his new wife, Marion Okajima, and the couple soon had their first child, Mira. They had settled in Seattle, Washington, and like many of Japanese ancestry living on the west coast, the Nakashimas were sent to an internment camp in Idaho during WWII. While Nakashima was there he made furniture from whatever pieces of wood he could find and learned techniques of Japanese woodworking from others stationed at the camp, including a skilled woodworker named Gentaro Hikogawa. After nearly a year at the camp, in 1943, Antonin Raymond successfully petitioned for the family’s release, which prompted their relocation to New Hope, Pennsylvania. Living on the Raymond farm, it wasn’t before long until Nakashima began making furniture once again and, in 1945, opened his furniture and woodworking studio.

On Nakashima’s property, he designed the family’s quarters, the woodshop, and many out buildings, including an arboretum. There he created a body of work that incorporated Japanese design and shop practices, as well as Modernism—work that made his name synonymous with the best of 20th century Studio Craftsman furniture.

Nakashima believed that the tree and its wood dictated the piece it was to become. He elevated what others would see as imperfections: choosing boards with knots and burls and cracks, which he would enhance and stabilize with butterfly joints. He designed furnishings for sitting, dining, sleeping, and working. While all his work is prized, his Frenchman’s Cove and Conoid tables are most so, particularly when executed in exotic woods and with free edges. Many of his designs are known by their distinctive bases: Conoid, Miguren, Trestle, and Pyramid among them. He is also known for his Mira chairs and stools, named for his daughter, who now leads his shop and continues his design legacy.

While Nakashima’s philosophy did not embrace mass production, he did collaborate with Knoll from 1945-1954 and on the Origins line with Widdicomb-Mueller between 1957 and 1961. Major commissions included furnishings for Nelson Rockefeller and Columbia University. His works are represented in the most important institutions in the world. Among many awards from the AIA and other prestigious institutions, Nakashima received the Third Order of the Sacred Treasure from the Emperor and Government of Japan. He received the designation "Living Treasure" in the United States, and he worked and exhibited until shortly before his death in June 1990, one week after receiving his final award, Alumnus Summa Laude Dignatus, from the University of Washington.

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Auction Results George Nakashima